Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Végétale

Titre du document

Feedbacks of windthrow for Norway spruce and Scots pine stands under changingclimate

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
IOP
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Article
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • windthrow
  • climate change
  • feedback
  • boreal forest
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Syst_veg6_v2_005591
Auteur(s)
  • O Panferov 1
  • C Doering 2
  • E Rauch 1
  • A Sogachev 3
  • B Ahrends 2
Affiliation(s)
  • 1) Department of Bioclimatology, Georg-August University of Gttingen, Buesgenweg 2, D-37077 Gttingen, Germany
  • 2) Soil Science of Temperate and Boreal Ecosystems, Georg-August University of Gttingen, Buesgenweg 2, D-37077 Gttingen, Germany
  • 3) Wind Energy Division, Ris National Laboratory for Sustainable Energy, Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark
Résumé

Wind damage is one of the major natural disturbances that can occur worldwide in mosttypes of forests. Enhanced management using adequate decision support systems (DSS) canconsiderably reduce the risk of windthrow. The decision support system Forest andClimate Change (DSS-WuK) which is currently being developed at Gttingen Universityaims at providing a tool for the quantitative assessment of biotic and abioticrisks for forest ecosystems under the conditions of changing climate. In order toassess the future risks of wind damage the system employs a coupled modellingapproach combining the turbulence model SCAlar DIStribution (SCADIS) with thesoilvegetationatmosphere-transfer (SVAT) model BROOK 90. The present studyinvestigates projections of wind damage in Solling, Germany under climate scenarios A1Band B1, taking into account the windthrow feedbackschanges of microclimate asa result of tree fall and consequent stabilization or destabilization of a foreststand. The results of the study indicate that in Solling the risk of windthrowfor spruce and pine forest stands is likely to increase considerably during the21st century. The general tendencies indicate that under A1B the probability ofdamage would be higher than under B1 and that under the same climate and soilconditions the risk for spruce stands would be higher than for pine stands ofequal age. The degree of damage and feedback contribution as well as a signof feedback in each particular case will strongly depend on the particular localor regional combination of climatic and soil factors with tree species, age andstructure. For Solling the positive feedback to local climatic forcing is found. Thefeedback contributes considerably (up to 6 under given conditions) to the projectedforest damage and cannot be neglected. Therefore, the adequate projection offuture damage probabilities can be performed only with a process-based coupledsoilatmosphere model with corresponding high spatial and temporal resolution.

Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Environmental Science ; 3 - General Environmental Science
  • 1 - Physical Sciences ; 2 - Energy ; 3 - Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - meteorology & atmospheric sciences
  • 1 - science ; 2 - environmental sciences
Identifiant ISTEX
0F40B6619574717958834C64FFA3F95765467D53
Revue

Environmental Research Letters

Année de publication
2009
Présence de XML structuré
Oui
Score qualité du texte
10
Version PDF
1.4
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/0T8-KX30R14Z-4
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