Nom du corpus

Corpus Systématique Végétale

Titre du document

Progress in the biotechnology of trees

Lien vers le document
Éditeur
Springer (journals)
Langue(s) du document
Anglais
Type de document
Review-article
Mots-clés d'auteur
  • Clonal propagation
  • genetic improvement
  • plant breeding
  • plant regeneration
Nom du fichier dans la ressource
Syst_veg6_v2_020351
Auteur(s)
  • N. Hammatt
Affiliation(s)
  • Horticulture Research International, East Malling, ME 19 6BJ, West Malling, Kent, UK
Résumé

An increasing world population and rise in demand for tree products, especially wood, has increased the need to produce more timber through planting more forest with improved quality stock. Superior trees are likely to arise from several sources. Firstly, forest trees can be selected from wild populations and cloned using macropropagation techniques already being investigated for fruit tree rootstocks. Alternatively, propagation might be brought aboutin vitro through micropropagation or sustained somatic embryogenesis, with encapsulation of the somatic embryos to form artificial seeds. Tree quality could be improved through increased plant breeding and it is likely that experienced gained, to date, in the breeding of fruit species will be useful in devising strategies for forest trees. Since the development of techniques to regenerate woody plants from explant tissues, cells and protoplasts, it is now feasible to test the use of tissue culture methods to bring about improvements in tree quality. Success has already been achieved for tree species in the generation of somaclonal and protoclonal variation, the formation of haploids, triploids and polyploids, somatic hybrids and cybrids and the introduction of foreign DNA through transformation. This review summarizes the advances made so far in tree biotechnology, and suggests some of the directions that it might take in the future.

Catégories Science-Metrix
  • 1 - applied sciences
  • 2 - enabling & strategic technologies
  • 3 - biotechnology
Catégories INIST
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
Catégories Scopus
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Immunology and Microbiology ; 3 - Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • 1 - Health Sciences ; 2 - Medicine ; 3 - General Medicine
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Physiology
  • 1 - Life Sciences ; 2 - Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology ; 3 - Biotechnology
Catégories WoS
  • 1 - science ; 2 - biotechnology & applied microbiology
Identifiant ISTEX
2D20CF04E9E6FE51DD051F1ED13758E35B1F4F82
Revue

World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Année de publication
1992
Présence de XML structuré
Non
Score qualité du texte
9.508
Version PDF
1.3
Type de publication
Journal
ark:/67375/1BB-02M2WJF7-R
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